What are sanitary & phyto-sanitary barriers? Trade curbs faced by India from U.S.; Only rehab centre in the country for smuggled Star Tortoises setup at Kerala and more…

GS II: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Centre to raise with U.S. Non-Tariff barriers.

Curbs affecting exports of goods made in India

  • What are sanitary & phyto-sanitary trade barriers?
    • All countries maintain measures to ensure that food is safe for consumers, and to prevent the spread of pests or diseases among animals and plants.
    • These sanitary and phytosanitary measures can take many forms, such as
      • requiring products to come from a disease-free area,
      • inspection of products,
      • specific treatment or processing of products,
      • setting of allowable maximum levels of pesticide residues or
      • permitted use of only certain additives in food.
    • Sanitary (human and animal health) and phytosanitary (plant health) measures apply to domestically produced food or local animal and plant diseases, as well as to products coming from other countries. 

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